Women’s experiences of intimate partner violence in rural Taranaki, Aotearoa New Zealand

Lesley Pitt, Jane Maidment, Yvonne Crichton-Hill

Abstract


INTRODUCTION: Traditionally, research about intimate partner violence has focused on urban areas and has been urban-centric. However, there are some components of intimate partner violence in rural communities which are different and social workers need to be aware of these variances.

METHODS: The findings presented in this article were drawn from a doctoral study in which 23 women and five men were interviewed using a qualitative approach. Alongside these interviews, key informants in the rural Taranaki district were consulted, a fieldwork journal kept and photographs taken. The data were analysed using applied thematic analysis.

FINDINGS: Patriarchy was a distinct aspect of the intimate partner violence experienced by the women who participated in this study and part of the back-drop to lives. Hegemonic masculinity was a powerful contributor to the intimate partner violence experienced by some study participants. Geographic isolation was exploited as an aspect of control in intimate partner violence among the women and women had difficulty accessing services.

CONCLUSION: It is important for social workers, in order to practise competently, to have an awareness of the impact of patriarchy and hegemonic masculinity. When working in rural communities, social workers need to be attentive to the factors which impact rural women who have experienced intimate partner violence, and how these factors might differ from those that impact urban women’s experiences. 


Keywords


rural; intimate partner violence; patriarchy: structural violence

Full Text:

PDF

References


Averett, P. (2009). The search for wonder women: An autoethnography of feminist identity. Affilia: Journal of Women and Social Work, 24 (4). 360–368. doi:10.1177/0886109909343569

Babbie, E. (2017). The basics of social research (7th ed.). Melbourne, VIC: Cengage Learning.

Bosson, J. K., Vandello, J. A., Burnaford, R. M., Weaver J. R., & Wasti, S. A. (2009). Precarious manhood and displays of physical aggression. Society for Personality and Social Psychology, 35(2). doi:10.1177/0146167208331161

Bryson, V. (1992). Feminist political theory: An introduction. Hampshire, UK: MacMillan.

Campbell, H. (2006). Real men, real locals, and real workers: Realizing masculinity in small-town New Zealand. In H. Campbell, M. M. Bell, & M. Finney (Eds.). Country boys: Masculinity and rural life (pp. 87–103). University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press.

Campbell, H., Bell, M. M., & Finney, M. (2006). Masculinity and rural life: An introduction. In H. Campbell, M. M. Bell, & M. Finney (Eds.). Country boys: Masculinity and rural life (pp. 1–22). University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press.

Connell, R. W. (1995). Masculinities (2nd ed.). Cambridge, UK: Polity.

Connell, R. W. (2002). Masculinities and globalisation. In H. Worth, A. Paris, & L. Allen (Eds.), The life of Brian: Masculinities, sexualities and health in New Zealand (pp. 27–42). Dunedin, New Zealand: University of Otago Press.

Connell, R. W., & Messerschmidt, J. W. (2005). Hegemonic masculinity: Rethinking the concept. Gender and Society, 19(6), 829–859. doi:10.1177/0891243205278639

Crabtree, B. F., & Miller, W. L. (1992). A template approach to text analysis: Developing and using codebooks. In B. F. Crabtree & W. L. Miller (Eds.), Doing qualitative research (pp. 93–109). Newbury Park, London: Sage.

Crichton-Hill, Y., & Taylor, A. (2013). Intimate partner violence. In A. Taylor & M. Connolly (Eds.), Understanding violence: Context and practice in the human services (pp. 102–117). Christchurch, NZ: Canterbury University Press.

Davidson, C., & Tolich, M. (2003). Competing traditions. In C. Davidson & M. Tolich (Eds.), Social science research in New Zealand: Many paths to understanding (pp. 23–38). Auckland, NZ: Pearson.

Edwards, K. M., Mattingly, J. J., Dixon, K. J., & Banyard, V. L. (2014). Community matters: Intimate partner violence among rural young adults. American Journal of Community Psychology, 53, 198–207. doi:10.1007/s10464-014-9633-7

Elliott, J. (2005). Using narrative in social research: Qualitative and quantitative approaches. London: Sage. doi:10.4135/9780857020246.n2

Faber, N., & Miller-Cribbs, J. E. (2014). Violence in the lives of rural, southern, and poor white women. Violence Against Women, 20(5), 517–538. doi:10.1177/1077801214535104

Guest, G., MacQueen, K. M., & Namey, E. E. (2012). Applied thematic analysis. Thousand Oaks: Sage. doi:10.4135/9781483384436.n3

Hall-Sanchez, A. (2016). Intimate partner violence against rural women: The current and future state of feminist empirical and theoretical contributions. Sociology Compass, 10(4), 272–283. doi:10.1111/soc4.12358

hooks, b. (1982). Ain’t I a woman: Black women and feminism. London, UK: Pluto Press.

Jewkes, R., Morrell, R., Hearn, J., Lundqvist, E., Blackbeard, D., Lindegger, G.,… Gottzén, L. (2015). Hegemonic masculinity: Combining theory and practice in gender interventions. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 17(2), 112–127. doi:10.1080/13691058.2015.1085094

Letherby, G. (2003). Feminist research in theory and practice. Buckingham, UK: Open University Press.

Little, J. (2017). Understanding domestic violence in rural spaces: A research agenda. Progress in Human Geography, 41(4), 472–488. doi:10.1177/0309132516645960

Mammen, S., & Sano, Y. (2012). Gaining access to economically marginalized rural populations: Lessons learned from nonprobability sampling. Rural Sociology, 77(3), 462–482. doi:10.1111/j.1549-0831.2012.00083.x

Mason, R. (2012). Dealing with violence: Families living in rural settlements. In J. Maidment & U. Bay (Eds.), Social work in rural Australia: Enabling practice (pp. 119–132). Sydney, NSW: Allen & Unwin.

May, T. (2011). Social research: Issues, methods and process (4th ed.). Buckingham, England: Open University Press.

Millett, K. (1971). Sexual politics. London, Great Britain: Virago.

New Zealand Family Violence Clearinghouse. (2017). Supplementary data: Regional data by police district. Retrieved from https://nzfvc.org.nz/data-summaries/supplementary-data-regional-data-police-district

Pease, B. (2016). Interrogating privilege and complicity in the oppression of others. In B. Pease, S. Goldingay, N. Hosken, & S. Nipperess (Eds.), Doing critical social work: Transformative practices for social justice (pp. 89–103). Sydney, NSW: Allen & Unwin.

Pringle, R. (2002). Living the contradictions: A Foucauldian examination of my youthful rugby experiences. In H. Worth, A. Paris, & L. Allen (Eds.), The life of Brian: Masculinities, sexualities and health in New Zealand (pp. 57–72). Dunedin, New Zealand: University of Otago Press.

Rennison, C. M., & DeKeseredy, W. S. (2017). Situational contexts of rural violence: A comparison of male and female perpetration. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 33(2), 189–206. doi:10.1177/1043986216688813

Sadler, G. R., Lee, H-C., Lim, R. S-H., & Fullerton, J. (2010). Recruitment of hard-to-reach population subgroups via adaptations of the snowball sampling strategy. Nursing and Health Sciences, 12, 369–374. doi:10.1111/j.1442-2018.2010/00541.x

Statistics New Zealand (n.d.). 2013 QuickStats about a place: Stratford District. Retrieved from http://www.stats.govt.nz/Census/2013-census/profile-and-summary-reports/quickstats-about-a-place.aspx?request_value=14148&tabname=

Young, I. M. (2003). Feminist reactions to the contemporary security regime. Hypotia, 18(1), 223–231.

Vandello, J. A., Bosson, J. K., Cohen, D., Burnaford, R. M., & Weaver, J. R. (2008). Precarious manhood. Society for Personality and Social Psychology, 95(6), 1325–1339. doi:10.1037/a0012453

Wendt, S. (2009). Constructions of local culture and impacts on domestic violence in an Australian rural community. Journal of Rural Studies, 25, 175–184. doi:10.1016/j.jrurstud.2008.11.001

Wendt, S., Chung, D., Elder, A., Hendrick, A., & Hartwig, A. (2017). Seeking help for domestic and family violence: Exploring regional, rural, and remote women’s coping experiences: Key findings and future directions. Compass: Research to Policy and Practice, 6. Retrieved from https://www.anrows.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2019/02/RP.14.04_Rural_Compass_FINAL_1709-1.pdf

Wendt, S., & Zannettino, L. (2015). Domestic violence in diverse contexts: A re-examination of gender [e-book]. London, UK: Routledge.

Whelehan, I. (1995). Modern feminist thought: From the second wave to “post-feminism”. New York, NY: New York University Press.

Women’s Refuge New Zealand. (2015). Statistical report. Women’s Refuge Annual Report 2014–2015. Retrieved from https://womensrefuge.org.nz/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/Domestic-violence-statistics-NZ.pdf




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11157/anzswj-vol31iss1id533

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.