Food banks and food rescue organisations: Damned if they do; damned if they don’t

Susan Watson

Abstract


INTRODUCTION: Food banks, a charitable response to a politically driven crisis in Aotearoa New Zealand, have become institutionalised. They emerged in an ad hoc manner and, since the 1980s, have helped address the emergency food needs of those experiencing food poverty. Food Rescue organisations, a later creation, emerged in an organised and planned manner. They have helped to address the needs of those experiencing food poverty by increasing the quantity, and the amount of perishable food available for distribution.

METHOD: This article draws on academic literature and research of the Dunedin/Otepoti newsprint media completed for a thesis in 2017 to provide background about how these organisations came to exist and the socio-political context that supports their existence.

FINDINGS: The development of food banks in Dunedin/Ōtepoti reflected the global explanations for their rise; however, with the advent of KiwiHarvest the mechanisms for addressing food poverty are undergoing a paradigm shift.

IMPLICATIONS: These new mechanisms have the potential to be more inclusive of those experiencing food poverty. Choice of food, involvement of recipients in the policy setting and the distribution of food, and fewer criteria are possible innovations. There are also opportunities for this new paradigm to extend and enhance the traditional role of food banks in conversations and actions that address social justice issues.


Keywords


Food banks; food rescue; neoliberal; socio-political; Dunedin; New Zealand

Full Text:

PDF

References


Barwick, H., & McGurk, T. (1994). Passing the buck: New Zealand Income Support Service procedures for assessing applications for emergency assistance: the problem of Department of Social Welfare referrals to foodbanks: A report. Wellington, New Zealand: The Downtown Ministry.

Beaumont, M. (2010, October 26). Generous Mosgiel. Taieri Herald, p. 3.

Booth, S., & Whelan, J. (2014). Hungry for change: The food banking industry in Australia. British Food Journal, 116(9), 1392–1404. https://doi.org/10.1108/BFJ-01-2014-0037

Caring in the community. (1992, July 21). Taieri Herald, p. 1.

Carlyon, J., & Morrow, D. (2013). Changing times: New Zealand since 1945. Auckland, New Zealand: University Press.

City Harvest. (n.d.). About us. Retrieved from https://www. cityharvest.org/about-us/our-story/

Cloke, P., May, J., & Williams, A. (2016). The geographies of food banks in the meantime. Progress in Human Geography, 41(6), 1–24. Retrieved from http://journals. sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/0309132516655881

Constantine, E. (2011, March, 17). Foodbanks’ resources stretched. Otago Daily Times, p. 2.

Crack, S. (2001). The face of poverty: Foodbank location and use in Dunedin (Unpublished Bachelor of Arts [hons] dissertation). University of Otago Dunedin, New Zealand.

Demand grows for food parcels. (1992, August 25). Taieri Herald, p. 1.

Dey, K., & Humphries, M. (2015). Recounting food banking: A paradox of counterproductive growth. Third Sector Review, 21(2), 129–147.

Dowler, E. (2014). Food banks and food justice in “Austerity Britain.” In G. Riches & T. Silvasti (Eds.), First world hunger revisited (2nd ed., pp 160–175). Basingstoke, England: Palgrave-Macmillan.

Dowler, E., & O’Connor, D. (2012). Rights based approaches to addressing food poverty and food insecurity in Ireland and UK. Social Science and Medicine, 74(1), 44–51. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2011.08.036

FareShare. (n.d.). History. Retrieved from http://www. fareshare.net.au/history/

Foodbank demand doubles. (2014, June 5). Otago Daily Times, p. 26.

Food bank drying up. (1991, December 10). Taieri Herald, p. 3. Goodger, G. (1998a, August 11). Foodbanks struggle with demand. Otago Daily Times, p. 4.

Goodger, G. (1998b, November 28). Foodbanks facing heavy demand. Otago Daily Times, p. 3.

Harris, L. (1994, March 19). More forced to use food banks. Otago Daily Times, p. 5.

Harris, L. (1996, August 7). Foodbanks have “never been so busy.” Otago Daily Times, p. 4.

Harvey, S. (2008, December 11). Stepping down after 12 years. Otago Daily Times, p. 8.

Harwood, B. (2009, October 29). Supportive community helps shelves stay full. The Star, p. 21.

Heenan, C. (1996, September 26). Foodbanks will mark poverty day. Otago Daily Times, p. 22.

Hepburn, S. (2008, June 17). Cupboards bare at food banks. Otago Daily Times, p. 5.

Houghton, R. M., Nelson, D., Niblock, S., Goodyear, C., & Anglican Methodist Family

Care Centre. (1998). Our lives in their hands: Looking at life on a benefit: a report based on a study on the views of beneficiaries living in Dunedin. Dunedin, New Zealand: Anglican Methodist Family Care Centre.

Howe, F. (1996, October 4). Rally focuses attention on need for food banks. Otago Daily Times, p. 14.

Kahl, S. (2005). The religious roots of modern poverty policy: Catholic, Lutheran, and Reformed Protestant traditions compared. European Journal of Sociology, 46(1), 91–126. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ s0003975605000044

Kaibosh. (n.d.). About us. Retrieved from http://www.kaibosh. org.nz/about-us/

Kelsey, J. (1995). The New Zealand experiment: A world model for structural adjustment? Auckland, New Zealand: Auckland University Press.

KiwiHarvest. (n.d.). About. Retrieved from http://kiwiharvest. org.nz/about/

Lambie-Mumford, H. (2013). “Every town should have one”: Emergency food banking in the UK. Journal of Social Policy, 42(1), 73–89. doi:10.1017/S004727941200075X

Leslie, H. (1996). Banking on foodbanks for poverty alleviation? A critical appraisal of Palmerston North foodbanks’ development practices (Unpublished master’s thesis). Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle. net/10179/5861

Lindberg, R., Lawrence, M., Gold, L., & Friel, S. (2014). Food rescue: An Australian example. British Food Journal, 116(9), 1478–1489. https://doi.org/10.1108/BFJ-01- 2014-0053

Lorenz, S. (2012). Socio-ecological consequences of charitable food assistance in the affluent society: The German Tafel. International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, 32(7/8), 386–400. https://doi. org/10.1108/01443331211249011

Macfie, R. (2016, July 1). A growing army of New Zealanders is waging a war on waste. New Zealand Listener. Retrieved from http://www.noted.co.nz/currently/social- issues/a-growing-army-of-new-zealanders- is-waging-a- war-on-waste/

Mackay, R. (1995). Foodbank demand and supplementary assistance programmes: A research and policy case study. Social Policy Journal of New Zealand, 5, 129–141.

Manins, R. (2014, February 5). Fruitful day produces bounty for food bank. Otago Daily Times, p. 29.

McCorkindale, W. (2011, August 24). FW foodbank in crisis. D Scene, p. 8.

McKinlay, T. (2004, March 30). Student association establishes foodbank. Otago Daily Times, p. 5.

McKnight, T. (2011, June 11). Octacan brings in 6000 items. Otago Daily Times, p. 5.

McLoughlin, D. (1994). Foodbank fever. North and South: New Zealand’s lifestyle magazine. Nov, 104, 60–63. Auckland, New Zealand: Fith Publishing.

McPherson, K. (2006). Food insecurity and the food

bank industry: Political, individual and environmental factors contributing to food bank use in Christchurch (Unpublished master’s thesis). University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand). Retrieved from https://ir.canterbury.ac.nz/bitstream/handle/10092/1351/ thesis_fulltext.pdf?sequence =1&isAllowed=y

Milner, V. (2004). A model for the new frontier of social work: Using respect, empathy, curiosity and time. Social Work Review, 16(3), 38–43. Retrieved from http://anzasw.nz/ wp-content/uploads/Social-Work-Review-16-Spring-04- Article- Milner.pdf

Mirosa, M., Mainvil, L., Horne, H., & Mangan-Walker, E. (2016). The social value of rescuing food, nourishing communities. British Food Journal, 118(12), 3044–3058. https://doi.org/10.1108/BFJ-04-2016-0149

Nelson, V. (2005, October 9). John van Hengel, 83; Set up 1st food bank. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved from http://articles.latimes.com/2005/oct/09/local/me-vanhengel9

New Zealand Council of Christian Social Services (NZCCSS). (2005). Forgotten poverty? Poverty indicator project: Foodbank study final report. Wellington, New Zealand: Author.

New Zealand Council of Christian Social Services (NZCCSS). (2008). Poverty indicator project update: A snapshot comparative analysis of foodbank use December quarter 2004 and December 2007. Wellington, New Zealand: Author.

New Zealand Government. (1972). Social security in New Zealand: Report of the Royal Commission of Inquiry. Wellington, New Zealand: Government Printer.

O’Brien, M. (2014). Privatizing the right to food: Aotearoa/ New Zealand. In G. Riches & T. Silvasti (Eds.), First world hunger revisited: Food charity or the right to food? (pp. 102–116). Basingstoke, England: Palgrave Macmillan.

Olds, B. (1991). Food for thought: Research on foodbanks. Auckland, New Zealand: Methodist Mission Aotearoa.

Olssen, E. (1984). A history of Otago. Dunedin, New Zealand: J. McIndoe.

Parnell, W. (2005). Food security in New Zealand (Unpublished doctoral thesis). University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.

Poppendieck, J. (1994). Dilemmas of emergency food: A guide for the perplexed. Agriculture and Human Values, 11(4), 69–76. doi:10.1007/BF01530418

Poppendieck, J. (1998). Sweet charity? Emergency food and the end of entitlement. New York, NY: Viking.

Poppendieck, J. (2014). Food assistance, hunger and the end of welfare in the USA. In G. Riches & T. Silvasti (Eds.), First world hunger revisited: Food charity or the right to food? (pp. 176–190). Basingstoke, England: Palgrave Macmillan.

Rae, S., & Presbyterian Social Service Association (Dunedin). (1981). From relief to social service: A history of the Presbyterian social service association, Otago, 1906-1981. Dunedin, New Zealand: The Association.

Ramsay, C. (1998, June 29). Welfare cuts to deal with soaring costs. Otago Daily Times, p. 9.

Riches, G. (1986). Food banks and the welfare crisis. Ontario, Canada: Love Printing Services.

Riches, G. (1997). Hunger and the welfare state: Comparative perspectives. In G. Riches (Ed.), First world hunger (pp. 1–13). Basingstoke, England: Palgrave Macmillan.

Riches, G. (2003). Food banks and food security: Welfare reform, human rights and social policy. Lessons from Canada. In E. Dowler & C. Jones Finer (Eds.), The welfare of food: Rights and responsibilities in a changing world (pp. 91–105). Oxford, England: Blackwell.

Riches, G. (2011). Thinking and acting outside the charitable food box: Hunger and the right to food in rich societies. Development in Practice, 21(4-5), 768–774. http://dx.doi. org/10.1080/09614524.2011.561295

Riches, G., & Silvasti, T. (2014). Hunger in the rich world: Food aid and right to food perspectives. In G. Riches, & T. Silvasti (Eds.), First world hunger revisited (2nd ed., pp. 1–14). Basingstoke, England: Palgrave-Macmillan.

Riches, G., & Tarasuk, V. (2014). Canada: Thirty years of food charity and public policy neglect. In G. Riches & T. Silvasti (Eds.), First world hunger revisited (2nd ed., pp. 42–56). Basingstoke, England: Palgrave-Macmillan.

Rickerby, A. (1999, October 11). Food bank use expected to rise. Otago Daily Times, p. 5.

Rooney, E. (1996, September 22). Food banks to close in protest move. Sunday Star Times, p. A1.

Roper, B. (2008). The welfare state: Origins, development, crisis and redesign. In N. Lunt, M. O’Brien, & and R. Stephens (Eds.), New Zealand, new welfare (1st ed., pp. 10–18). Melbourne, Australia: Cengage Learning Australia.

Rudd, A. (2001, April 30). Aid agency needs donors to improve foodbank service. Otago Daily Times, p. 20.

Shannon, P. (2009). The exclusion process and hardship prevention—A report for Christian helping agencies group/Dunedin city council. Dunedin: Department of Social Work and Community Development, University of Otago, New Zealand.

Shipley, J., Upton, S., Smith, L., & Luxton, J. (1991). Social assistance: Welfare that works: A statement of government policy on social assistance. Wellington, New Zealand: New Zealand Government.

Silvasti, T. (2015). Food aid-normalising the abnormal in Finland. Social Policy and Society, 14(3), 471–482.

Smith, J. (2004, July 9). Winter keeping foodbanks busy. Otago Daily Times, p. 4.

Stewart, L. (2002, October 17). Foodbanks struggle to meet demand. Otago Daily Times, p. 3.

Tarasuk, V., & Eakin, J. M. (2005). Food assistance through “surplus” food: Insights from an ethnographic study of food bank work. Agriculture and Human Values, 22(2), 177–186.

Tennant, M. (1989). Paupers & providers: Charitable aid in New Zealand. Wellington, New Zealand: Allen & Unwin New Zealand and Historical Branch, Dept. of Internal Affairs.

Thomson, D. (1998). A world without welfare: New Zealand’s colonial experiment. Auckland, New Zealand: Auckland University Press.

Tipa, R. (1993, July 10). Brighter outlook but no sign of benefits. Otago Daily Times, p. 19.

Uttley, S. (1997). Hunger in New Zealand: A question of rights? In G. Riches. (Ed.), First world hunger: Food security and welfare politics (pp. 78–107). Basingstoke, England: Palgrave Macmillan.

Wakefield, S., Fleming, J., Klassen, C., & Skinner, A. (2012). Sweet charity, revisited: Organizational responses to food insecurity in Hamilton and Toronto, Canada. Critical Social Policy, 33(3), 427–450. Retrieved from http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/ pdf/10.1177/0261018312458487

Watson, S. (2017). Saints or Communists? The story of Dunedin/O ̄ tepoti food banks and FoodShare (Unpublished master’s thesis). University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.

Whale, A. (1993). Voluntary welfare provision in a landscape of change: The emergence of foodbanks in Auckland (Unpublished master’s thesis). University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Wynd, D. (2005). Hard to swallow: Foodbank use in New Zealand. Auckland: Child Poverty Action Group. Retrieved from: http://www.cpag.org.nz/assets/ Publications/HTS.pdf

Yeoman, G. (2016, September 22). Foodbank stigma concerns agencies. The Star, p. 12.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11157/anzswj-vol31iss4id671

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.